Oppositional Defiant Disorder
  • What is Oppositional Defiant Disorder?

    Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) appears in childhood at primary school, but it can also touch children aged of three years olds. This disorder is characterized by defiant, oppositional and negative behaviors that last longer and are more severe than expected during normal development. This applies to one in ten children under the age of 12 years old, with a ratio of two boys to one girl. It is important to diagnose it early and provide care as soon as possible because otherwise it could engender an antisocial behavior which could impact relationships, general functioning and quality of life. Moreover, a child with ODD could develop Conduct Disorder (CD) if he/she is not being taken in charge early on. A significant proportion of children with ODD (about 40% to 60%) will develop CD, but this progression is far from systematic.

  • Diagnosis

    Main clinical features of ODD are:

    • Being easily angered, annoyed or irritated
    • No tolerance for frustration
    • Frequent temper tantrums
    • Frequent arguments with adults, particularly with parents
    • No obeying of rules
    • Seem to deliberately try to annoy or aggravate others
    • Low self-esteem
    • Seek to blame others for any accidents or bad behavior
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